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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-June 2020
Volume 7 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-38

Online since Friday, July 9, 2021

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EDITORIAL  

Need to save the human and nature p. 1
PK Goswami
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_30_21  
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GUEST EDITORIAL Top

Medical pluralism in India: Discovering the convergence p. 3
Sanjeev Rastogi
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_20_21  
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

COVID-19 prevention through Ayurveda: A literature review p. 5
Sikha Lekharu
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_22_21  
The pandemic disease of late 2019-2020 is not unknown to anyone. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 or COVID-19 has created havoc globally. Much fast-track research in clinical trial is going on worldwide, but till now, no such successful outcome achieved against this virus. The mutagenic strains of the virus are significantly causing difficulty in understanding the course of the disease and different trials and hypothesis are coming in front. Different preventive aspects of the disease have been discussed and advised by the scientist worldwide. The present review paper aims at focusing on the traditional beliefs of Ayurveda and its role in developing immunity for the prevention of infection by this virus. The role of food, proper sleep, and Yoga in immunomodulation has been discussed in detail in relation to prevention from COVID-19 in specific and seasonal viral diseases in general.
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Laghumanjishthadi Kwatha and Somraji Taila in Dadru Kushtha (Fungal Dermatophytosis): An Exploratory Review Study p. 9
Budha Ram Gwala, Harish Bhakuni, Bharatkumar Chhaganbhai Padhar
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_15_21  
The skin of a person is the index of psychosomatic health. Nowadays various types of fungal diseases are on the rampage, Dadru is one of them. Acharya Charaka described Dadru under Kshudra Kushtha, which is characterized by Udagata Mandala (raised patch) associated with Kandu (itching), Raga (redness), and Pidika (eruptions) and is Pitta Kaphaja predominance skin disease. It has a resemblance to fungal dermatophytosis. It is a common infection of the skin and nails caused by fungus. The prevalence rate of superficial mycotic infection worldwide is 20%–25% (World Health Organization). In India, 5 out of 1000 people, suffer from Tinea infections. The recurrence of this disease is common while treating with modern medicines and has side effects too. To overcome adverse consequences, the need arises for natural herbal remedies. This study aimed to explore and review the probable role of Laghumanjishthadi Kwatha and Somraji Taila in the management of Dadru. Ayurveda classics, relevant published research works, and modern literature were used to explore the probable role of selected drugs in the management of Dadru Kushtha. Based on the review, found that both drugs have properties such as Raktaprasadana, Krimighna, Kushthaghna, Kandughna, and Dahaprashamana and beneficial in Rakta Dushti, Twak Vikara and are easily available and cost-effective. Laghumanjishthadi Kwatha and Somraji Taila having Raktashodhaka (blood purifying), Krimighna (antimicrobial), Kandughna (anti-itching) properties, may be useful in the management of Dadru Kushtha (fungal dermatophytosis).
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Leech farming in natural habitat: An observational report p. 15
Mahesh Kumar, Rani Manju
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_18_21  
Background: Ayurveda descriptions of Raktamokshana (bloodletting) by Leech therapy are available and indicated in many skin diseases, raktaj diseases, etc., The Leeches (like Hirudinaria granulosa, Hirudo medicinalis) has blood-sucking habit, found in ponds, lakes, and freshwater bodies. Leeches are invertebrate animals belonging to phylum Annelida of animal kingdom. Leeches offer dual benefit as by sucking the impure blood (bloodletting) from the diseased site and by injecting biological active saliva content in human circulation. The Leech therapy has been in practice at most of the Ayurvedic centers, but there is no known established reliable supplier of Leeches for medical benefits yet known. The increase demand of Leeches and lesser availability forms challenge, especially in extreme weather. Availability of Leeches at treatment centers as and when required is a must in order to help the beneficiary. Basically, it is a research topic and also an innovative idea for Ayurveda scholars. A pioneering effort in the form of pilot work is taken regarding the establishment of Leech farming center. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to initiate Leech cultivation (Leech farming) for continuous availability of leeches in clinical practice and research purposes. It may be helpful to researcher for productive Leech farming. Materials and Methods: On studying the ancient and current relevant literature of Leech, the cultivation started in self-designed protocol and pond. Results: The evidence of Leech cultivation seen in offers environment. Conclusion: The farming of leeches is possible in the given environment. This initial study may inspire fraternity for future research.
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A Placebo-controlled Clinical Evaluation of Gokshuradi Taila Matravasti in the Management of Gridhrasi vata (Sciatica) p. 20
Abhishek Bhattacharjee
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_11_21  
Background: Gridhrasi is one of the Vataja Nanatmaja diseases which we commonly come across in our clinical practice. A radiating pain starting from the lower back up to the foot is the cardinal feature often associated with stiffness, pricking, and tingling sensation which are very similar to the symptoms of sciatica. Gokshuradi Taila Matravasti is indicated for Gridhrasi in Vangasena Samhita. Aim and Objective: Placebo-controlled clinical evaluation of Gokshuradi Taila Matravasti in the patients of Gridhrasi (sciatica). Materials and Methods: A single-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted with pretest and posttest design where 60 patients suffering from Gridhrasi (sciatica) were selected and randomly allocated into two groups (Group-A and Group-B) after initial screening. The patients of Group-A were treated with Gokshuradi Taila Matravasti and Group-B with rectal administration of specially designed placebo drug for 14 days. Patients were observed for a total follow-up period of 30 days with three stages of assessment on 0, 15th, and 30th day. The assessment of results was made by adopting the standard methods of international scoring including pain, neurological deficit, functional ability, functional disability, and also selective signs and symptoms. Statistically significant test for comparison was done by ANOVA followed by Tukey's multiple comparison test. Results: Statistically significant relief was observed in the patients of Group-A, treated with Gokshuradi Taila Matravasti compared to Group-B (control group) at the end of the study.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Role of traditional system of medicine to reduce the partial mayo score in ulcerative colitis – A case report p. 27
Devipriya Soman, K Pravith Natesan
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_17_21  
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease affecting the colon. Even with various conventional therapeutic interventions, cure rate of this disease is very less. Ayurvedic interventions have been very useful in reducing the symptomatology of this disease. This is a case report of UC, managed following Ayurvedic principles, which focused on the reduction of symptoms and also improve the quality of life of the patient. The patient presented with an increased frequency of stools mixed with blood, mucous, and pus and occasionally pus mixed mucous discharge per rectum for the past 8 months. Colonoscopy reported segmental colitis and histopathology study of colonic mucosa was compatible with the active phase of UC. Based on symptomatology and pathogenesis, the patient was diagnosed with suffering from Pittadhika Sannipata Atisara on Ayurvedic grounds. Pitta Vatasamana, Grahi, Raktha sthambhana, and Vranaropana were the principles of treatment employed. The assessment was done using the Partial Mayo score before and after 45 days of management. The Partial Mayo score reduced from eight to one after 45 days of intervention. The outcome was promising with good subjective relief and patient satisfaction.
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Depressive disorders treated with homeopathic medicine Nux vomica - A case series p. 31
Chaturbhuja Nayak, Atul Kumar Singh, Ruchi Singh, Astha Mathur
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_5_21  
Depression is a common and often underdiagnosed mental disorder. Homeopathy has a major role in the treatment of depressive disorders. Homeopathic treatment takes personality and temperament of the patient into consideration for selection of medicine. As such it believes in the concept of individualization, thereby each patient suffering from depression may require a similimum, different from other patient. Three cases of depressive disorders treated by Nux vomica are presented. All the cases were improved; analysis was done by Hamilton depression rating scale.
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