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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
July-December 2019
Volume 6 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 51-84

Online since Friday, March 5, 2021

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EDITORIAL  

Scope for AYUSH in Post COVID-19 p. 51
PK Goswami
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_12_21  
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

An ayurvedic approach to the diagnosis and management of diabetic neuropathy p. 53
Rehana Parveen, Himangshu Baruah
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_3_21  
Diabetic neuropathy is the most common complication of diabetes but is still underdiagnosed and undertreated. Approximately 50% of patients with diabetes eventually develop neuropathy. The primary aim of the current diabetes management strategies is to achieve tight blood glucose level control. However, intensive blood glucose control alone does not necessarily reduce the risk of developing diabetic vascular complications. The scholars of Ayurveda have studied Prameha in detail. The features such as karapadadaha (burning sensation), cumcumayana (tingling sensation), suptata (numbness) are symptoms seen in prameha either in the prodromal stage, in the actual exhibition stage or in the complication stage, can be identified as Diabetic peripheral neuropathy. The growing side-effects of modern pharmacological agents do not provide an everlasting solution thus being a persuasion to search an amicable solution in Ayurveda for which understanding the disease, its pathogenesis in Ayurvedic perspective will aid in deciding the line of treatment which can replace or complement the conventional therapy.
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Safety Profile of Manahshila and its Formulations: An Evidence-Based Study p. 60
Sarika Makwana, Rahul Kanjibhai Shingadiya, Prashant Bedarkar, Biswajyoti J Patgiri
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_10_21  
Manahshila (Realgar, As2S3) is a widely utilized drug in Ayurvedic therapeutics since the Samhita period. It is one of the mineral drugs, on few researches have been conducted which cover the area of quality control and safety profile. Therefore, the present work was conducted to review published researches of Manahshila and its containing formulations which related to pharmaceutico–analytical studies and safety concern. Published articles on toxicity studies and pharmacological studies of Manahshila and its formulations were reviewed through various search engines and databases such as Google, Google Scholar, Yahoo, Springer, Omics, Medknow, PubMed, and J gate. Results: A total of 12 published research articles were summarized. Among them, three were on pharmaceutico–analytical study; four on pharmacological study and toxicity study of Manahshila; three on pharmaceutico–analytical study; and two on pharmacological study and toxicity study of Manahshila and formulations containing Manahshila. Above mentioned published researches on Manahshila evidently conclude that Manahshila and its formulations are safe to be used in human to treat different diseases conditions.
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COVID-19: Perspective of traditional medical care in prevention of communicable diseases p. 65
Jitendra Nathabhai Varsakiya, Mahesh Kumar, Bishnu Choudhury
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_9_21  
The communicable diseases including tuberculosis, HIV, measles, plague, flu, Ebola, and coronaviruses are contagious in nature and mostly caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. They generally spread through air, direct contact with contaminated surfaces, body fluids, blood, and respiratory droplets. Recently, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus disease-2019 as a worldwide pandemic disease. The coronavirus is an enveloped positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome virus that causes respiratory tract infections in humans, birds, and bats. A definite treatment for this disease is not yet available, and the disease is spreading continuously worldwide. It is challenging for healthcare fraternity to restrain its spread. The traditional medical care may be helpful, so it is needed to explore the herbal sources to combat this pandemic situation. Thorough study of Ayurveda literature, Various indications find regarding prevention of communicable diseases. The ancient Ayurveda and traditional care have description of epidemic, along with their management, under the heading Janapadodhwamsa (Mahamari) with their management. Furthermore, categorization of the Aoupasargik Roga/Sankramak Roga indicates the significance attributed to contagious nature of these communicable diseases. Appropriate lifestyle measures such as good personal conduct, balanced nutritious diet, and guided social behavior would complement to prevent the spread of these diseases. This is an attempt to briefly review the role of traditional medical care in preventing the spread of communicable diseases.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Role of Pracchana Karma followed by Bibhitaki Lepa in Indralupta (Alopecia Areata) p. 69
Divyarani Kathad, Shital Keshubhai Bariya, Jitendra Nathabhai Varsakiya
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_8_21  
Twenty-first century is the century of beauty and brain; so as a part of beauty, hair is very important. As hair is considered as a barometer of beauty, each one is over conscious about it and is in search for a better remedy for the maintenance and management of their reflection of beauty. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder also known as “spot baldness,” which interferes beauty of a person, which can be compared with Indralupta. Since the limitations of modern medicine are obvious, there is the highest need of harmless, effective treatment from alternative medical sciences. The treatment of Indralupta can be divided in two parts – local and systemic. Ayurveda indicates use of Pracchana and Lepa in the treatment. The treatment planned was Pracchana followed by Bibhitaki Lepa. Raktamokshana is the ideal treatment when Dosha is vitiated with Rakta. Pracchana helps in clearing the obstructed Romakupas. The present case study has come out with promising results in Indralupta (alopecia areata) treated by Pracchana and Bibhitaki Lepa. A case of a 41-year-old female patient who presented with the complaint of Indralupta has been treated with Pracchana followed by Bibhitaki Lepa along with internal medicine. There was a significant improvement in symptoms such as decreased patch size and less hair fall. This case study on Pracchana followed by Bibhitaki Lepa shows that Indralupta can be successfully managed by Ayurvedic treatment modalities.
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Individualized homoeopathic treatment in a case of crusted scabies p. 74
Himadri Bhaumik, Srimonti Sanyal, Darilin Suchiang
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_1_21  
Crusted scabies or Norwegian scabies, a severe variant of highly contagious scabies, occurs as widespread hyperkeratotic crusted lesions, and hence, the name “crusted scabies” is preferred to the eponym of “Norwegian scabies.” A case of a 27-year-old girl was reported in the Outpatient Department of North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy. After thorough case taking and proper repertorisation, mezereum 30C was given as the first prescription. The patient was better and was prescribed placebo for 7 days, and thereafter, appearance of secondary symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and cough had been noticed with no further betterment of skin symptoms. Staphylococcin 200 was used as an intercurrent remedy. After secondary symptoms subsided, again mezereum 30C was given followed by placebo for 1 month, and there was marked improvement. Different stages of the disease were documented and are attached with the detailed case report.
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Individualized homeopathic approach in a case of multiple renal calculi p. 80
Raj K Pandit, Swati Pandey
DOI:10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_7_21  
Calculi may form at any level in the urinary tract but mostly arises in the kidney (nephrolithiasis). People suffering from renal calculi entirely depend on the surgery although it is expensive, on the one hand, and may have complications, on the other hand. Hence, there is a need for alternative medicine (Homeopathy), as it avoids surgical intervention, complication, as well as cost-effectiveness. In Homeopathy, the basis of therapy is vital rather than a physiological one, i.e., the vital force must be stimulated to cure the patient, and that only other drug therapy is palliative or suppressive. The aim of the study is to know the efficacy of individualized homeopathic remedy in the dissolution or expulsion of calculus. A 23-year-old male patient came to the outpatient department, presented with pain in the right side of the lumbar region and hypochondrium for 4–5 days with difficulty in urination. Ultrasonography (USG) of the kidney, ureter, urinary bladder revealed two calculi in the right kidney, one at the upper pole (8 mm) and another one at lower pole (12 mm) calyx. Individualized homeopathic medicine Tuberculinum was prescribed in centesimal scale. USG revealed no calculus in the kidney, and serum urea and creatinine levels were found within normal limit. Therefore, it is concluded that constitutional medicine helped the patient in subsiding the pain, dissolution or expulsion of stone, and return of the natural state of the patient.
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