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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-7

Clinical Implementation of Bahihparimarjana Therapy Mentioned in the Aragwadhiya adhyaya of Charakasamhita

1 Final Year PG Scholar, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Assistant Professor, Shri Shirdi Sai Baba Ayurved College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Associate Professor, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Disha Anil Raut
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AYUHOM.AYUHOM_10_22

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In Ayurveda, treatment is divided into three categories, Antahparimarjana (Internal), Bahihparimarjana (External), and Shastrapranidhana (Surgical) on the basis of interventions. Acharya charaka categorized Pradeha according to the thickness of application as a Pralepa and Pradeha. In the present review, lepa given in the Aragwadhiya adhyaya is focused and efforts have been made to explore their application on various clinical conditions in other sthana of Charakasamhita. Totally 202 Bahihparimarjana lepa are depicted in entire Charakasamhita. Out of these, a total of 35 lepa are mentioned in the Sutrasthana and 167 lepa are mentioned in the Chikitsathana. Out of which, the majority are mentioned in skin-related, pitta and blood-dominated disorders such as 32 lepa in Aragwadhiya adhyaya and 48, 29, 18, and 13 are in Kushta chikitsa, Visarpa chikitsa, Vrana chikitsa, and Vatashonita chikitsa, respectively. Three categories of bahirparimarjana yoga include 163 Pralepa, twelve Pradeha, and twenty-seven Alepa are differentiated as per the method of application. Contents of the bahihparimarjana lepa mentioned in the Aragwadhiya adhyaya of Sutrasthana, altered in the Chikitsathana on the basis of Nidanapanchaka to have the desired effect on dosha into the different formulations. In Sutrasthana, principles are given in the form of general statements which are elaborated in Chikitsathana. All the lepa mentioned in Aragwadhiya adhyaya can be applied as Pralepa, Pradeha, and Alepa as it is or with modifications according to the condition of the disease in the clinical practice.

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